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The Best College Graduation Gift Ever: Success On The First Job
6 Jul 2017 at 2:00am
The Department of Education predicts that nearly 2 million students will receive bachelor degrees this year. If recent trends
I Hope This Week?s Graduates Acquired What I Did At College: Lifelong Friends...
2 Aug 2017 at 1:16pm
  By Meg Scharf UCF Forum columnist What will this week?s UCF graduates take with them when then leave campus? Many will
Five Free Speech Controversies In A Hostile Political Climate
7 Jul 2017 at 5:50am
I am a left-leaning college professor, one of those ?tenured radicals? who have been targeted by conservatives as dangerous
10 Of The Best Prime Day Deals For Your College Kid
11 Jul 2017 at 1:01am
One for you, one for your college student ??
A 'Through The Looking Glass' Perspective On The Evergreen State College
25 Jul 2017 at 4:18pm
Imagine, for a moment, that you?re in charge of a public liberal arts college that just suffered the most extreme student
College-Age Voters May Be More Conservative Than You Think
7 Aug 2017 at 5:33pm
If you are a Republican, conservative, or even a Trump supporter, there?s some hope for the future.
Why I?m Applying To Colleges A Second Time
14 Aug 2017 at 5:30pm
My grades and scores should have cut it, but no one wanted me.
I Never Used My Degree After College
14 Jul 2017 at 8:56pm
It?s the sad truth. Instead of going into marketing, which was the word plastered over the front of my Bachelor?s Degree
Here's What College Students Really Want On Their Back-To-School Shopping Lists
11 Aug 2017 at 8:03pm
Is it really a dorm room if it doesn't have LED string lights?
10 Things Kids MUST Know Before Going to College
12 Jul 2017 at 7:08pm
Teenagers know everything, amirite? But despite their bravado, they don?t know what they don?t know. And what they don?t
Head Of UVA College Republicans Condemns Nazis, KKK While President Trump Hes...
14 Aug 2017 at 5:01pm
"These hateful groups chose the conservative movement, our movement, in order to try to gain some form of legitimacy."
Why Universities Are Phasing Out Luxury Dorms
24 Aug 2017 at 1:36pm
As colleges increasingly worry about boosting their retention and graduation rates, campuses are returning to their old-school ways.
It's Not The End If You Don't Get Into Your College Of Choice
11 Sep 2017 at 8:22pm
A lot of what I do entails helping students achieve the best ATAR (Australian Tertiary Admission Rank, sort of like the SAT
Empty Enthusiasm? American University Leaders Assess Their Institutions
27 Jul 2017 at 9:42pm
Good news! American universities are the best, or among the best, universities in the world ? according to American university
The Evergreen State College: Is Speaking With Tucker Carlson A Punishable Off...
10 Jul 2017 at 5:46pm
Many of Professor Bret Weinstein's faculty colleagues issued heated demands for him to resign.
Student Protestors And Their Faculty Allies At The Evergreen State College Wi...
17 Sep 2017 at 7:02pm
Four months have passed since the riots that brought The Evergreen State College to the attention of the world occurred and
What College Is About: Reflections On The American University Bias Incident
27 Sep 2017 at 8:23pm
On the night of Sept. 26, shortly after historian Ibram Kendi introduced American University?s new Antiracist Research and
Tulane University Is The No. 1 Party School In Princeton's 2018 Ranking
31 Jul 2017 at 4:31pm
In case you were wondering.
Another Side Of The Evergreen State College Story
11 Aug 2017 at 2:15pm
10 realities about the campus tumult that are being ignored.

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College (Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an educational institution. More broadly, it can be the name of any group of colleagues (see, for example electoral college, College of Arms, College of Cardinals). Originally, it meant a group of persons living together under a common set of rules (con- = "together" + leg- = "law" or lego = "I choose"); indeed, some colleges call their members "fellows". The precise usage of the term varies among English-speaking countries.

1. The Origin of the United States Usage:
The founders of the first institutions of higher education in the United States were graduates of the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. The small institutions they founded would not have seemed to them like universities — they were tiny and did not offer the higher degrees in medicine and theology. Furthermore, they were not composed of several small colleges. Instead, the new institutions felt like the Oxford and Cambridge colleges they were used to — small communities, housing and feeding their students, with instruction from residential tutors (as in the United Kingdom, described above). When the first students came to be graduated, these "colleges" assumed the right to confer degrees upon them, usually with authority -- for example, the College of William and Mary has a Royal Charter from the British monarchy allowing it to confer degrees while Dartmouth College has a charter permitting it to award degrees "as are usually granted in either of the universities, or any other college in our realm of Great Britain."

Contrast this with Europe, where only universities could grant degrees. The leaders of Harvard College (which granted America's first degrees in 1642) might have thought of their college as the first of many residential colleges which would grow up into a New Cambridge university. However, over time, few new colleges were founded there, and Harvard grew and added higher faculties. Eventually, it changed its title to university, but the term "college" had stuck and "colleges" have arisen across the United States.

Eventually, several prominent colleges/universities were started to train Christian ministers. Harvard, Yale, Princeton, and Brown all started to train preachers in the subjects of Bible and theology. However, now these universities teach theology as a more academic than ministerial discipline.

With the rise of Christian education, renowned seminaries and Bible colleges have continued the original purpose of these universities. Criswell College and Dallas Theological Seminary in Dallas; Southern Seminary in Louisville; Trinity Evangelical Divinity School in Deerfield, Illinois; and Wheaton College and Graduate School in Wheaton, Illinois are just a few of the institutions that have influenced higher education in Theology in Philosophy to this day.

2. Origin of U.S. State Colleges: The Morrill Act:
In addition to private colleges and universities, the U.S. also has a system of government funded, public universities, also, in many cases, known as State Colleges. This system arose in order to make higher education more easily accessible to the citizenry of the country, specifically to improve agricultural systems by providing training and scholarship in the production and sales of agricultural products, and to provide formal education in “…agriculture, home economics, mechanical arts, and other professions that seemed practical at the time.”

In the 1860s, when this act was established, the original colleges on the east coast, primarily those of the Ivy League and several religious based colleges, were the only form of higher education available, and were often confined only to the children of the elite. A movement arose to bring a form of more practical higher education to the masses, as “…many politicians and educators wanted to make it possible for all young Americans to receive some sort of advanced education.” In 1862 Congress passed a measure that “…made it possible for the new western states to establish colleges for the citizens.”. This was extended to allow all states that had remained with the union during the American Civil War, and eventually all states, to establish such institutions.

Most of the colleges established under the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act have since gone on to become full universities. Some are amongst the elite of the world.

3. The Rest of the English-Speaking World:
Influenced by their origins in the British Empire, by contact with and sometimes imitation of U.S. academia, and even by modern American pop culture, the rest of the English-speaking world seems to have adopted a mix of the U.S. and British practices.

4. United Kingdom:
British usage of the word "college" remains the loosest, encompassing a range of institutions:

* Colleges of further education and adult education.
* "Sixth form colleges", where students study for A Levels, and some specialist schools
* The constituent parts of collegiate universities, especially referring to the independent colleges that make up the * Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and the London, and which provide accommodation and pastoral services at St Andrews and Durham.
* The non-independent constituent parts of collegiate universities such as Kent, Lancaster and York.
Universities, such as Imperial College London (officially a university) and University College London and King's College London (which are universities de facto).
* A name given to large groupings of faculties or departments, notably in the University of Edinburgh, and possibly the University of Birmingham under restructuring plans.
* University Colleges — independent higher education institutions that have been granted degree-awarding powers but not university status.
* Certain private schools (known as "Public" schools in England) for children such as Eton and Winchester.
* Professional associations such as the Royal College of Organists, the Royal College of Surgeons and other various Royal Colleges.
* The College of Justice or Court of Session of Scotland

In general use, a "college" is an institution between secondary school and university, a college of further education and adult education. These institutions were usually called technical colleges, or tech. Recently, however, with the differences in functionality between universities and colleges becoming less clear-cut, and with the phasing out of polytechnical colleges, many people are starting to call such institutions "universities". Many types of institutions have "college" in their names but are not colleges in the general use of the word; Eton College, for example, would be called not a college, but a school, or by its full name.

In relation to universities, the term college normally refers to a part of the university which does not have degree-awarding powers in itself. Degrees are always awarded by universities, colleges are institutions or organisations which prepare students for the degree. In some cases, colleges prepare students for the degree of a university of which the college is a part (eg colleges of the University of London, University of Cambridge, etc.) and in some cases colleges are independent institutions which prepare students to sit as external candidates at other universities (e.g. many higher education colleges prepare students to sit for external examinations of universities).[citation needed] In the past, many of what are now universities with their own degree-awarding powers were colleges which had their degrees awarded by either a federal university (eg Cardiff University) or another university (e.g. many of the post-1992 universities).

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